Architectural style refers to the way buildings are classified according to their features, the materials they are made from and the period in history they are modeled after. When buildings are classified in the same style, it is because they share several similar characteristics such as size and number of stories, materials used for construction e.g. bricks or wood, floor plans, historic period and many others. Everyone wants to construct a building that fits in with the surrounding area, displays the right image, and fits in with their own personal taste. Architectural styles abound and with the right information, you should be able to pick the one that suits you best and construct a building that you will enjoy living or working in for many years to come. The following are a few styles that are most popular with builders and homeowners to help you make the right choice.
Victorian architecture emerged around 1830 during the reign of Queen Victoria and remained popular throughout the 19th century and into the first decade of the 20th century. Victorian architecture is characterized by houses that go up two or three stories, steep pitch roofs, bay and sash windows, terracotta tiles and stained glass windows. They are also asymmetrically shaped, have decorative trim and are usually vibrantly colored. Victorian styles include Gothic Revival, Folk Box, Italianate, Stick-Eastlake, Second Empire and Queen Anne. Victorian houses are popular in San Francisco, Boston, Atlanta and New Orleans. They tend to blend easily in older cities that have a rich history. You should consider building a Victorian house if you are a history buff or antique fan.
2. American Colonial Style:
American Colonial has been in existence since the 17th century. It includes several architectural designs that came about during the colonial period in the USA, and covers several centuries from the 16th to the 19th century. Many churches, government and residential houses were built in this style during these centuries. American colonial includes several subtypes such as French, Danish, Spanish, German and Mid Atlantic colonial. Settlers from different countries took this style and made it their own, resulting in many variations of styles but all adhering to the following characteristics:
· Rectangular shape.
· Buildings are one or two stories.
· Shuttered windows
· Pitched roof.
3. Federal/Adam Style:
The Federal style of architecture became popular from the late 18th century to the early 19th century and evolved from the Georgian style. It was brought about by progressive European ideas about architecture and was essentially a refinement of the Georgina style. It is thus named because it came about at a time when the federal system of government was being developed in the USA. It is also referred as the Adams style due to heavy influences by the British architect Robert Adam who drew his influence from Greek and Roman architecture. It is characterized by square or rectangular shaped buildings with two or three stories and typically have two rooms on each floor. They also have projecting wings and elaborate curved floors.
4. American Craftsman Style:
The craftsman style was introduced to America by the architectural firm of Greene and Greene. It is distinguished by its emphasis on functional aesthetism, use of natural materials and attention to detail. Craftsman style homes are often cozy and rustic bungalows that concentrate excellent workmanship and simplicity of form. Craftsman style homes are characterized by:
· Open floor plans
· Large, wooden and covered porches.
· Garbled roofs
· Natural colors
· Large fireplaces with cabinets on each side
· Fine details that include metalwork and art tiles.
Mediterranean homes are popular in hot and sunny climates such as California and Florida. It emerged around 1918 and was popular through to the 1940s. It incorporates influences from Italy, Portugal, Spain and other Mediterranean countries. Homes in this style were built to echo the haciendas of the Spanish New World. Characteristics include red tile roofs, beautiful and elaborate gardens, stucco and arched walls.
With the right information, you should be able to pick the right style for a dream home that will become a haven for you and your loved ones. Whatever you decide on, make sure that it is in line with your personal taste so that you can enjoy living or working in your house for many years to come.